ISO 27001 and Cyber Essentials are both frameworks that provide guidelines for implementing information security controls within an organisation. However, they have different scopes and objectives, and understanding their nuances is crucial for organisations looking to establish effective security practices.
ISO 27001 is an internationally recognised standard for information security management systems (ISMS). It takes a comprehensive approach, covering all aspects of an organisation’s information security. ISO 27001 provides a systematic framework that helps organisations establish, implement, monitor, and improve their ISMS. It focuses on a risk-based approach, requiring organisations to identify and assess risks to their information assets and implement appropriate controls to mitigate those risks. This standard also emphasizes the need for continuous improvement, as organisations are expected to regularly monitor, review, and update their security measures.
ISO 27001 provides organisations with a high degree of flexibility and customisation. Organisations can tailor the standard to meet their specific needs and risk profiles. This flexibility allows them to select controls from a comprehensive set of options provided in Annex A of the standard. These controls cover a wide range of areas, including asset management, access control, cryptography, physical security, human resources security, and incident management, among others.